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Equitation Science

Learning, stress, and the “upside down bathtub curve”

Is there a role for the Yerkes-Dodson-Law in horse training? Frauke Musial & Celina Skogan Many of us have probably made that experience, at the latest in school or at university: Even if you think you are perfectly well prepared, it might be awfully difficult to come up with just the right answer during the […]

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Equitation Science

The “elephant” memory of horses

…. one more reason to act mindful. “You can’t rely on a horse that obeys by fear. There will always be something that the horse is more afraid of than the rider. But if it trusts its rider, it will ask him what to do if it is afraid.” – Antoine Pluvinel, 1555-1625 Frauke Musial […]

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Equitation Science

Detecting equine pain

by Frauke Musial & Celina Skogan Why we wrote this article – Celina Skogan Did you follow the latest studies in equine orthopedics? One was broadly shared on Facebook. It was a study by the world renowned equine vet Sue Dyson. She published about subtle lameness in horses, and the signs horses are showing during […]

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Equitation Science

Horses smell our emotions

Horses can smell human emotions – Cross species communication of emotions between humans and horses. Do we have to learn a lesson? What we know from practiceCelina Skogan Have you made that observation?The same horse, that is reacting totally scared with one person, is perfectly calm with another one. Apparently unexplainable. During lessons, students often […]

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Equitation Science

Equitation & Science

While dealing with horses, we believe to  know many things from experience, some we have observed since generations. Empirical knowledge is often passed down through generations. But what do these observations mean? How do we interpret this practical and empirical knowledge?   Equitation science is a reasonably young, but steadily growing field of science. Over the […]